When the skin pore or follicle becomes puffed-up with excess dead skin cell, oil, bacteria and dirt, then the occurrence of inflamed blemishes or pimples can take place. The marks can be explained as the result of an inflamed laceration or a cyst, pustule or papule.
In the case where pimple breakouts penetrate deep beneath the skin then the skin and tissue beneath the breakout get damaged. Once the acne heals and clears out, the body reacts to repair this damage caused by the breakout.
During the healing and repairing process, collagen is produced by the body. Abnormal production of this collagen (that is, if too much or too little of it is produced) will result in producing a certain type of acne scar. The type of scarring depends on the amount of collagen produced by the body.
There are three main groups of acne scars: depressed, raised and discoloration.
Depressed scars are also known as pitted scars and are the most common type of facial damage. When the body produces too little collagen, this type of mark will take place. This type is subdivided into three kinds: Ice pick, rolling and boxcar scars.
Ice pick scars are very deep and narrow; they look like a deep empty hole in the skin. Unfortunately, this type is the most difficult to treat. Rolling scars have rounded sloping edges and are more pronounced as the skin ages and loses its elasticity. Boxcar scars are more defined with deeper ridged edges.
When the body produces too much collagen, then a person will end up with raised pimple scars. This type is also known as Keloid or Hypertrophic scars. Hispanics, African American and Asians suffer the most from these types of marks.
Discoloration scars, compared to the above-mentioned scars, are not as difficult to deal with since they eventually fade away. The reason for this type of scar is the trauma that is associated with damages caused by pimples and acne. This is a very common and long-term type of scar that is associated with discoloration of the skin. The different types of this kind of acne scar are: Hyper-Pigmentation, Hypo-Pigmentation and Erythema (Permanent Redness).
Reasons for getting acne scars
Not everyone suffers from pimples and the related facial marks, but some a more prone to than others of being affected.
Some people suffer from inflammatory acne like nodules and cysts. In such a case the breakout penetrates deep into the skin deeply thus causing acne scar. Acne also has a genetic component to it; if someone in the family has problems, there is a good chance that others in the family will as well.
The scars can also occur if a person pops, picks or somehow increases inflammation of a pimple. It is a good idea not to pick and pop pimples
Untreated inflammatory acne can also be the cause of acne scar.
So, these are the different causes of different acne or pimple scars. It is important to know how these scars come about about so that you can determine the proper acne scar treatment. With the proper prevention methods and medication, this problem can be resolved.